Thus the rolling Iraqi Monetary (nominal value) specified by the law has become a criterion for exchange transactions, withdrawal and the international circulation according to system Gold rule; although, it was related to the British pound before the revolution of July 14th, 1958, especially in terms of credit and foreign transfers, as it has a metal cover coupled with stability. After the liberation of Iraq from the ring of the (sterling Pound), the Iraqi dinar remained as a cash unit (with real value) standing on its own compared to international rates.
In spite of the many shocks that hit the developing country in conditions of political and economic changes led to the dangerous decline of many of those currencies, like what happened between Iraq and its neighbor Iran in 1980 until 1988 of a devastating war sapped the human energies and infrastructure of both countries, the Iraqi dinar was not affected much and managed to keep its true value and relative stability throughout the war period. But after the government took the wrong procedure of issuing millions of dinars of the 25 note, the Iraqi dinar had become no more than a (commercial paper) in its (nominal value) and this sinister phenomenon which was the result of the misconduct of the government, then, paved the way for the American dollar to monopolize the Iraqi market. Since then, the Iraqi dinar remained incurably ill because the performance evaluation of the Iraqi monetary, particularly in the year 1994 after the penetration of the dollar, revealed that the dinar had no real value as an Iraqi exchange measuring unit against the dollar, despite the fact that Iraq has enormous oil wealth more than any country in the world, especially European countries, in terms of trade credit and cash deal.
The American dollar monopolized the Iraqi economic policy and the dinar has not been able to stand up to it after the removal of the former regime and the loss of control by the State over its economic and commercial structures. How will the Iraqi currency be stabile when it is represented by the ill dinar which can not be cured as long as the floating dollar overwhelms the whole Iraqi market; the Iraqi seller and the buyer deal only by it. Who is responsible for this decline?
A question put before the Ministry of Finance, as the Minister stated previously on the need for (evaluating the Iraqi dinar) and called for its activation against the American dollar. Will the Iraqi parliament seek to lay the evaluation foundations of a new monetary unit all over again? Or will the dinar remain weak against the dollar? And to what level will the Iraqi economy deteriorate if its spinal column, represented by the dinar, can not withstand to be straight up any more?(Source)AlSabah